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Multimodal Transport


Darbas anglų kalba. Introduction. What is multimodal transport. Common definitions of international conventions. Multimodal transport operators – recourse actions. Limitations on the MTO successully pursuing recourse action. Time and financial limitation imposed by the conventions. Practical consideration. Review of United Nation Concention on international multimodal transport of goods. Basis of liability of MTO in United Nation Concention. Limitation of liability for MTO in United Nation Convention. Liability of the consignoor in United Nation Concention. Relationship with the other convention. Final clauses. International multimodal transportation. Conventions that are applied in the network system. UNCTAD/ICC Rules for Multimodal Transport Documents. Limitation of liability of the multimodal transport operator. Liability of the consignor. The liability of the multimodal carrier. Documentation. Example of multimodal transport "Viking". What is it? Conclusion.


The growing welfare in EU leads to growth of transport volume. The removal of barriers to cross-border trade and travel has increased the volume of long-distance goods and passenger transport. This phenomenon is being repeated in the wake of the 2004 EU enlargement with significant increases, particularly of road freight, between the new members and the rest of the Union. The transport sector generates 10% of EU wealth measured by Gross Domestic Product (GDP), equivalent to about one trillion euro a year. It provides more than ten million jobs. As carriage of goods takes place by roads, rails, sea and airways it comes to bottlenecks and environmental problems. Road haulage now carries 44% of all goods transported in the EU, against 41% for short-sea shipping routes, 8% for rail and 4% for inland waterways. The imbalance is more marked for passenger transport where road (largely car journeys) accounts for 79% against rail’s 6% and 5% for air. It is recognized that transportation by trucks is very convenient and in many cases cannot be replaced by any other means of transport as it performs best door-to-door delivery. Aims of reducing road congestion and air pollution have a lot to do with usage of multimodal transport. Integrating different modes of transport by combining road-rail, sea-rail or rail-air elements would solve many arising problems and develop greater capacities of each type of transport by using the one type which is the best at the specific time.

As there are many definitions of multimodal transport and there are more terms for it as intermodal or combined we assume that these terms are synonymous and their definitions convince it. ...

Rašto darbo duomenys
Tinklalapyje paskelbta2006-03-16
DalykasTransporto ir logistikos kursinis darbas
KategorijaTransportas ir logistika
TipasKursiniai darbai
Apimtis17 puslapių 
Literatūros šaltiniai7
KalbaAnglų kalba
Dydis90.02 KB
AutoriusMarius Daujotas
Viso autoriaus darbų5 darbai
Metai2006 m
Mokytojas/DėstytojasHuub Lubbers
Švietimo institucijaVilniaus Gedimino Technikos Universitetas
Failo pavadinimasMicrosoft Word Multimodal Transport [speros.lt].doc

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  • Kursiniai darbai
  • 17 puslapių 
  • Vilniaus Gedimino Technikos Universitetas / 3 Klasė/kursas
  • Huub Lubbers
  • 2006 m
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